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Green Arrow
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Built

1936

Builder

Doncaster

Withdrawn

1962

Restored

1963

Configuration

2-6-2

Green Arrow was built in June 1936 for the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) at Doncaster Railway Works to a design of Nigel Gresley.

HistoryEdit

The first-built and only surviving member of its class, it was designed for hauling express freight and passenger trains and named after an express freight service. Numbered 4771 by the LNER, the locomotive was later renumbered 800 by the LNER in November 1946, and 60800 by British Railways in February 1949.

In August 1962 the locomotive left service and was chosen for preservation. It was restored at the same place as it was built Doncaster Railway Works. The work was finished by 1963 but almost ten years of storage was then to follow, during which it was moved several times. A transfer from Doncaster to Hellifield occurred in October 1964; the locomotive was moved to Wigston in 1967 - this was intended to be the final temporary home, since it was intended that Green Arrow would become one of the permanent exhibits in a Municipal Museum which was proposed for the nearby city of Leicester. However, before the museum was ready, demolition of Wigston locomotive depot was scheduled, and the locomotive was sent south to the Preston Park shops of the Pullman Car Company in September 1970. The York National Railway Mueseum (NRM) was then being planned, and in November 1971 Green Arrow was selected for the National Collection, items from which would form the main display in the NRM. The locomotive was again moved, this time to Norwich depot in January 1972, where it was returned to working order; the first trial trip, to Ely, was on 28 March 1973. It then commenced a series of runs at the head of special trains, before being moved to Carnforth on 2 July 1973. Green Arrow ran in preservation until being withdrawn from service on 21 April 2008, shortly before its boiler certificate expired. After a series of commemorative runs on preserved railways, the locomotive moved to the North Yorkshire Moors Railway for their LNER gala. Following the first gala weekend the boiler was found to have two cracked superheater tubes; temporary repairs allowed the loco to make a final run on the second weekend before being finally withdrawn. Following this the loco returned to the National Collection and was on static display at the National Railway Museum's site at Shildon. Green Arrow is now due to head back to the main York National Railway Museum for restoration to mainline condition.

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